Biomedical Engineering was established in the second half of the 20th century as an interdisciplinary science. The main purpose of the discipline is to be an effective support for the progress of medical science (in both research and clinical practice), using the current knowledge of engineering and computer sciences. The literature shared the biomedical engineering disciplines into the following thirteen groups: Physiological and Pathophysiological Controls, Medical Measurement Technology, Medical Signal Processing, Medical Informatics, Medical Image Processing, Biotechnology, Clinical Engineering, Medical Imaging, Biosensors, Biomechanics, Biocompatible Materials, Rehabilitation Engineering and Technology of Prosthetics and Artificial Organs.

For a number of diseases in which the body is unable to produce or maintain an appropriate state, an external control is the solution. It can be achieved by a partially or fully automated module, which ensures the input of the physiological signal or injecting a given dose. The control has to implement a very strict set of requirements, by which the patient's quality of life improves, and if it is necessary, it can solve the problem of optimal dosage of the medicine. Biomedical Engineering as an interdisciplinary field of science has a specific group called Physiological and Pathophysiological Controls, which deals with the development of such methods.

Our group has four main research areas: